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Sample Grammar Lesson

Page history last edited by Sandra Annette Rogers 11 years, 7 months ago

Topic: Unreal Conditionals


Level & Course: Advanced Grammar Skills

Created by Sandra Rogers 


Chart for Lesson





Preteach Vocabulary: imaginary condition, imaginary result, if-clause, main clause, modals, certainty, outcomes ( 5 min.)


Review Common Modal Verbs

Ought to


Preteach Exception to the Rule: The form of the verb in the if-clause is the same as the past tense form of the verb.  However, the verb "to be" takes "were" for all persons. Read the examples on the chart.  ( 5 min.)


Review Contractions: ( Review 1 min.)

I + would= I’d,

she + would= she’d,

we + would= we’d,

you + would= you'd  

Note: The following contraction looks the same for we had, we should, or we would, in that they would be spelled as "we'd". 



  1. Students will practice using if-clauses to express unreal conditions.
  2. Students will listen for meaning and select appropriate responses for asking permission, giving advice and opinions, and expressing imaginary situations.
  3. Students will learn the difference between would and could/might.
  4. Students will practice omitting if-clauses for conditions with many results and simply use "I would..."
  5. Students will write a paragraph about an unreal condition.


Textbook Lesson with audio, Meaning and Use 2 pages 340-343 (10 minutes)


Tech Support: (optional or homework)

This Web site provides a clear and concise explanation of the Unreal Conditional: http://www.i-claudius.com/esl/condition.html


Mini-assessment: Real or Unreal Conditional? ( 10 minutes)

This is a simple recall activity that can be completed individually or in pairs. A list of examples of sentences with conditionals needs to be cut into pieces; teachers can print out the answer page beforehand to prepare.  Students are given the task to piece it back together. 

Instructions: A) Match the if-clause with the main clause. B) Read the sentence.  C) State which of them are unreal conditions.  Then check your answers.

Notice: Two of the sentence are NOT unreal conditions, in that they express something that is more likely to happen.


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